Behavioral Neuroscience, Biology of Reproduction, Endocrinology, & Neurobiology
Summers
Churchill-Haines 178A
USD Behavioral Neuroscience
Endocrinology
Biology of Reproduction
Neurobiology
Abbreviations & Acronyms 2010 search for:                                        
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abbreviation or acronym name alternative
1o primary
2o secondary
2N diploid
3o tertiary
4o quaternary
5-HT serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine
5-HTP 5-hydroxytryptophan
5-HTT serotonin reuptake transporter SERT
[x] concentration of x
\ therefore
D change

aa amino acid
AAA apply to affected area on prescriptions
aaad aromatic amino acid decarboxylase = DOPA / 5-HTP decarboxylase
AbA Abscisic acid ABA
ACadenylate cyclase
AC before meals on prescriptions
ACh acetylcholine
AChE acetylcholine esterase(s)
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone corticotropin
AD right ear on prescriptions
Akt1 protein kinase B Akt, PKB
Ala alanine A
AMPA a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-proprionic acid
ANF atrionatriuretic factor ANH, ANP, atriopeptin
AP5 general NMDA antagonist
APS Anterior Hypothalamic, Supraoptic, Suprachiasmatic Center
A-R androgen receptor
ARC arcuate nucleus
Arg arginine R
AS left ear on prescriptions
Asn asparagine N
Asp aspartate D
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AU both ears on prescriptions
AVP arginine vasopressin / antidiuretic hormone ADH
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B corticosterone cort
Bbs bombesin BBS
BID twice daily on prescriptions
BLA basolateral amygdala basolateral complex
BMP bone morphogenic proteins
BDNF brain-derived neurotrophic factor
BNP brain natriuretic peptide
BUCC inside cheek or under tongue on prescriptions
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Ca++ calcium
CA1-4 Ammon's Horn region 1-4 Cornuae Ammonae
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CAP capsule on prescriptions
CART cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript
CAT choline acetyltransferase
CBP CREB binding protein
cc cubic centimeter = milliliter ml
CeA central nucleus of the amygdala CNA
CCK cholecystekinin
cGMP cyclic guanosine monophosphate
CKs cytokinins plant hormones
Cl-chloride
CNS central nervous system
CNTF ciliary neurotrophic factor
CO carbon monoxide
COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase
[x] concentration of x
CLIP corticotropin-like peptide
CR Conditioned Response
CR cream on prescriptions
CRE cAMP response element
CREB cAMP regulatory element-binding protein
CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone CRF
CS Conditioned Stimulus
Cys cysteine C
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2N diploid
d daltons
D1,2,3 dopamine receptors
DA dopamine
DAT dopamine transporter DAT
DAW dispense as written on prescriptions
db leptin receptor gene
DC discontinue on prescriptions
DBH dopamine b-hydroxylase
DG diacylglycerol DAG
DHEA dihydroepiandrosterone
DHEAS dihydroepiandrosterone DHEA-S
DHT 5a-dihydrotestosterone 5a-DHT
DOPA dihydroxyphenylalanine
Dyn dynorphin
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E estrogen (general abbreviation )
E1 estrone (an estrogen)
E2 estradiol-17b estradiol (an estrogen)
E3 estriol (an estrogen)
bEnd endorphin
EGFs epidermal growth factors urogastrone
ELISA Enzyme-Linked ImmunoabSorbent Assay
Enk Enkephalin
Epi epinephrine E, EP, adrenalin = A
EPo erythropoietin EPO
E-R estrogen receptor
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
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F cortisol cort
FGFs fibroblast growth factors
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
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GA Gibberellic acid Gibberellin A3 - GA3
Gal galanin GAL
Gs,i,k, or p (11,q) G-protein GTP binding protein
Ga,b,and or g a,b,and or g subunits of a G-protein
GABA g-aminobutyric acid
GC guanylate cyclase
GH growth hormone
GHRH growth hormone releasing hormone GRH
GHRIH growth hormone release inhibiting hormone GIH, somatostatin
GIP gastrointestinal polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide
Gln glutamine Q
Glu glutamate E
GLUT2,4 glucose transporters GLUT2,4
Gly glycine G
GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone LHRH
GRB2 growth factor receptor bound protein
GRP gastrin releasing peptide
GTP guanosine triphosphate
GTT(s) drop(s) on prescriptions
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HCrt1,2 hypocretins / orexins Hcrt1,2, OrxA,B
His histidine H
HPA hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis gastric inhibitory peptide
HRT hormone replacement therapy
hsp90 heat shock protein 90 HSP90
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IAA indoleacetic acid an auxin
IBA Indole-3-butyric acid an auxin
icv intracerebroventricular ICV, i.c.v.
IFNg interferon-g M
IGF1,2 insulin-like growth factors collectively IGFs, somatomedins
IL1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 interleukins collectively ILs
Ile isoleucine I
im intramuscular IM
inj injection INJ
IP3 inositol trisphosphate inositol triphosphate
INAH3 3rd interstitial nucleus of the mPOA in the medial preoptic area
of the anterior hypothalamus
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JaK1,2,3janus tyrosine kinasesalso TyK2
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K+ potassium
KAaffininty constant
KDdissociation constant
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LA lateral amygdala
LC locus ceruleus locus coeruleus
Leu leucine L
LPA,B lipoxins LPA-B
LTA lateral tegmental area
LTA4,B4,C4,D4,E4 leukotrienes LTA-E4
LTD long term depression
LTP long-term potentiation
Lys lysine K
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mg microgram MCG, mcg
MAO monoamine oxidase MAOA, MAOB
MAPmitogen activation proteins
MAP K MAP kinase ERK
MBH medial basal hypothalamus
MCH melanin concentrating hormone
MDI metered dose inhaler on prescriptions
MEK MAP K kinase MAP KK
Met methionine M
mg milligram MG
Mn metanephrine
MPOAmedial preoptic area
MSH melanocyte stimulating hormone aMSH
MSHRH melanocyte stimulating hormone releasing hormone MRF
MSHRIH melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting hormone MIF
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N1,2,3,4,5 neurotrophins (1 through 5) collectively Ns
NT1,2,3,4,5
Na+ sodium
NAA 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid
NE norepinephrine NEP
noradrenalin = NA
NET norepinephrine transporter NET
NGF nerve growth factor
NK1-R neurokinin 1 type receptor SP receptor
NKB neurokinin B
NM normetanephrine
NMDA N-methyl-D-aspartate
NO nictric oxide
NOS nitric oxide synthase
NR1,2a,2b NMDA-R subunits
NPY neuropeptide Y
NSF N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor also refers to the
National Science Foundation
NTS nucleus of the solitary tract nST
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ob leptin gene
Ob-Ra,b,c,d,e leptin receptorsa-e Ob-R
OCT1,2,3 organic cation transporters OCT1,2,3
OD right eye on prescriptions
OrxA,B orexins / hypocretins HCrt1,2
OS left eye on prescriptions
OT oxytocin Oxy, OXY
OU both eyes on prescriptions
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1o primary
P progesterone
P450aro aromatase
P450C17b 17b-hydroxylase
PACAP Pituitary adenylyl cyclase activating polypeptide
PAG periaqueductal gray MCG, midbrain central gray
PC after meals on prescriptions
PDE phosphodiesterase
PDGF platelet-derived growth factor
PGs prostaglandins PGA2, PGE1,2, PGF1,2a
PGI prostacyclin
PHI peptide histidine isoleucine
Phe phenylalanine F
PI3K phosphoinositide 3 Kinase PI-3K
PIP2 phosphotidylinositol bisphosphate phosphotidylinositol biphosphate
PIP3 phosphotidylinositol (3,4,5)trisphosphate PI-3,4,5-P
PKA, C or G protein kinases A, C or G
PLCphospholipase C
PnC Pontis caudalis reticularis caudal reticular pontine nucleus
PNMT phenyletholamine N-methyltransferase
PNS peripheral nervous system
PO by mouth (per os) on prescriptions
POA preoptic area
POMC pro-opiomelanocortin
PP pancreatic polypeptide
PPT pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus
ppT preproTachykinin
PrL prolactin PRL, Prl
PRN as need for on prescriptions
Pro proline P
PVperiventricular nucleus
PVNparaventricular nuleus
PYY peptide YY
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QAM in the morning on prescriptions
QD once daily on prescriptions
QH every hour on prescriptions
QHS at bedtime on prescriptions
QID 4 times daily on prescriptions
QOD or QAD every other day day on prescriptions
QPM every evening on prescriptions
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-R hormone or transmitter receptor e.g. GnRH-R
RIA Radioimmunoassay
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2o secondary
sc every evening SC
SCN suprachiasmatic nucleus
Ser serine S
5-HT serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine
5-HTP 5-hydroxytryptophan
SL sublingual, under tongue on prescriptions
SOL solution on prescriptions
SONsupraoptic nucleus
SNAP soluable NSF attachment protein
SNARE SNAP receptor
SP substance P
SRP signal recognition particle
STAT signal transducers and activation of transcription
SUPP suppository on prescriptions
SUSP suspension on prescriptions
SYR syrup on prescriptions
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\ therefore
3o tertiary
T testosterone
T3 tri-iodothyronine (a thyroid hormone)
To temperature Tob = body temperature
Toa = ambient temperature
T4 thyroxine =tetra-iodothyronine
(a thyroid hormone)
TAB tablet on prescriptions
TDF testis determining factor
TGFa,b transforming growth factorsa-b
TH tyrosine hydroxylase
The threonine T
TID 3 times daily on prescriptions
TNFa tumor necrosis factora
TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone
TrKB tropomyosin-related kinase B BDNF receptor
Trp tryptophan W
TSH Thryoid Stimulating Hormone
Tyr tyrosine Y
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UAD use as directed on prescriptions
UCn Urocortin UCN, Ucn
UNG ointment on prescriptions
UTn Urotensin
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Val valine V
VAMP synaptobrevin
VIP vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
VMN ventromedial nucleus VMH
VTA ventral tegmental area
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[x] concentration of x
X 10 days for 10 days on prescriptions