University of South
Dakota......Department of Biology


Spring 1998, Abbreviations & Acronyms


abbreviation or acronym name alternative
aa amino acid
ACadenylate cyclase
ACh acetylcholine
AChE acetylcholine esterase(s)
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone corticotropin
ARCarcuate nucleus
aaadaromatic amino acid decarboxylase = DOPA / 5-HTP decarboxylase
AVP arginine vasopressin antidiuretic hormone ADH
B corticosterone
BDNF brain-derived neurotrophic factor
BNPbrain natriuretic peptide
Ca++ calcium
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CAT choline acetyltransferase
CCK cholecystekinin
cGMP cyclic guanosine monophosphate
CNS central nervous system
CNTF ciliary neurotrophic factor
CO carbon monoxide
COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase
[x]concentration of x
CREBcAMP regulatory element-binding protein
CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone CRF
D1,2,3dopamine receptors
DA dopamine
DBH dopamine b-hydroxylase
DG diacylglycerolDAG
DOPA dihydroxyphenylalanine
E2 estradiol (an estrogen)
EGFs epidermal growth factors
Epi epinephrine adrenalin = A
FGFs fibroblast growth factors
F cortisol
Gs,i,k or pG-proteinGTP binding protein
Ga,b,and or ga,b,and or g subunits of a G-protein
GABA g-aminobutyric acid
GCguanylate cyclase
Glu glutamateE
GIP gastrointestinal polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide
GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone LHRH
GRB2growth factor receptor bound protein
GTPguanosine triphosphate
hsp90heat shock protein 90
IGFs insulin-like growth factorse.g. IGF1
ILs interleukins (e.g. IL1)
IP3 inositol triphosphate
JaK1,2,3janus tyrosine kinasesalso TyK2
K+ potassium
KAaffininty constant
KDdissociation constant
LC locus ceruleus
LTA lateral tegmental area
MAO monoamine oxidase
MAPmitogen activation proteins
MAP KMAP kinase
MAP KKMAP K kinase
MBHmedial basal hypothalamus
Mn metanephrine
MPOAmedial preoptic area
MSH melanocyte stimulating hormone
MSHRIH melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting hormone
N1,2,3,4,5 neurotrophins (1 through 5)
Na+ sodium
NE norepinephrine noradrenalin = NA
NGF nerve growth factor
NM normetanephrine
NMDA N-methyl-D-aspartate
NO nictric oxide
NOS nitric oxide synthase
NTS nucleus of the solitary tract
OXY oxytocin
P progesterone
PDGFplatelet-derived growth factor
PIP2 phosphotidylinositol bisphosphate
PKA or Cprotein kinases A or C
PLCphospholipase C
PNMT phenyletholamine N-methyltransferase
PNS peripheral nervous system
POApreoptic area
PRL prolactin
PVperiventricular nucleus
PVNparaventricular nuleus
SCNsuprachiasmatic nucleus
5-HT serotonin5-hydroxytryptamine
5-HTP 5-hydroxytryptophan
SONsupraoptic nucleus
STATsignal transducers and activation of transcription
T testosterone
T3 tri-iodothyronine (a thyroid hormone)
T4 thyroxine (a thyroid hormone)
TH tyrosine hydroxylase
thyrotropin-releasing hormone
VIP vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
VMNventromedial nucleus
VTA ventral tegmental area

University of South
Dakota......Department of Biology